Visit Website InSoviet troops invaded Afghanistan; soon afterward, Azzam and bin Laden traveled to Peshawar, a Pakistani city on the border with Afghanistan, to join the resistance.
Less common renderings include "Ussamah bin Ladin" and, in the French-language media, "Oussama ben Laden". Other spellings include "Binladen" or, as used by his family in the West, "Binladin".
The decapitalization of bin is based on the convention of leaving short prepositions, articles, and patronymics uncapitalized in surnames; the nasab bin means "son of".
The spellings with o and e come from a Persian -influenced pronunciation also used in Afghanistan, where bin Laden spent many years.
Mohammed recommended Hamida to Mohammed al-Attas, an associate. Al-Attas married Hamida in the late s or early s, and they are still together.
Some reports suggest he earned a degree in civil engineering in or a degree Osama bin laden al qaeda public administration in Some sources also list a sixth wife, name unknown, whose marriage to bin Laden was annulled soon after the ceremony.
He describes him as a frugal man and strict father, who enjoyed taking his large family on shooting trips and picnics in the desert. He wore a plain white keffiyeh.
Bin Laden had stopped wearing the traditional Saudi male keffiyeh and instead wore the traditional Yemeni male keffiyeh. He opposed such alternatives such as secular government,  as well as " pan-Arabismsocialism, communism, democracy. His viewpoints and methods of achieving them had led to him being designated as a terrorist by scholars,   journalists from The New York Times  the BBC and Qatari news station Al Jazeera analysts such as Peter Bergen Michael Scheuer Marc Sageman and Bruce Hoffman.
In a December interview with Pakistani journalist Rahimullah Yusufzaibin Laden stated that Operation Desert Fox was proof that Israeli Jews controlled the governments of the United States and United Kingdom, directing them to kill as many Muslims as they could.
State Department and U. They will leave you nothing, either in this world or the next. He was interested in "earth-moving machinery and genetic engineering of plants" on the one hand, but rejected "chilled water" on the other. He believed this would lead to economic collapse of the enemy countries, by "bleeding" them dry.
In a tape broadcast by al-Jazeera, bin Laden spoke of "bleeding America to the point of bankruptcy". It is worth noting that Spain was once under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate.
In he condemned the United States government for its hypocrisy in not labeling the bombing of Hiroshima as terrorism. In Novemberhe maintained that revenge killing of Americans was justified because he claimed that Islamic law allows believers to attack invaders even when the enemy uses human shields.
However, according to Rodenbeck, "this classical position was originally intended as a legal justification for the accidental killings of civilians under very limited circumstances — not as a basis for the intentional targeting of noncombatants.
Shirazi points out bin Laden also contradicted this democracy-creates-responsibility position in another, more typical, Islamist description of Western democracy, specifically American democracy, as "the law of the rich and wealthy, who hold sway in the political parties. He asserted infidels were "attacking Muslims like people fight over a plate of food," planning to "enslave" Muslims or to "annihilate" Islam.
But during this time European imperialism was in retreat. Similarly extremely high infant and young children mortality rates in Afghanistan caused by the Taliban expelling international aid groups were not only not criticized, but bin Laden praising the Taliban for making Afghanistan "the only Islamic country" in existence.
CIA—al-Qaeda controversy Mujahideen in Afghanistan After leaving college inbin Laden went to Pakistan, joined Abdullah Azzam and used money and machinery from his own construction company to help the Mujahideen resistance in the Soviet—Afghan War.
Although the United States provided the money and weapons, the training of militant groups was entirely done by the Pakistani Armed Forces and the ISI. Bin Laden established camps inside Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan and trained volunteers from across the Muslim world to fight against the Soviet-backed regime, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan ; he would also participate in some combat activity, such as the Battle of Jaji.
It was during this time that he became idolised by many Arabs. Shia civilians were also subjected to rape. While Azzam acted as support for Afghan fighters, bin Laden wanted a more military role. Along with his Arab legion, he was thought to have "brought down the mighty superpower" of the Soviet Union.
They discovered copious evidence of terrorist plots, including plans to blow up New York City skyscrapers. This marked the earliest discovery of al-Qaeda terrorist plans outside of Muslim countries. In March—AprilBin Laden tried to play a pacifying role in the escalating civil war in Afghanistanby urging warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar to join the other mujahideen leaders negotiating a coalition government instead of trying to conquer Kabul for himself.
In he went to live in exile in Sudan, in a deal brokered by Ali Mohamed. He was the Sudan agent for the British firm Hunting Surveys and built roads using the same bulldozers he had employed to construct mountain tracks in Afghanistan.Al-Qaeda defector al-Fadl, who was a former member of Qatar Charity, testified in court that Abdullah Mohammed Yusef, who served as Qatar Charity's director, was affiliated to al-Qaeda and simultaneously to the National Islamic Front, a political group that gave al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden harbor in Sudan in the early s.
Al-Qaeda—"the base" in Arabic—is the network of extremists organized by Osama bin Laden The death of bin Laden, who was killed in a joint operation by U.S.
troops and CIA operatives in May , complicated the future of al-Qaeda. Some speculated that the group will be emboldened and seek retaliation, while others wondered if it might. One of the most prominent members of he mujahideen was a wealthy son of a Saudi Arabian businessman named Osama Bin Laden.
The CIA trained the mujahideen in . Oct 17, · Osama bin Laden: Building al-Qaeda Shortly after the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in , bin Laden, who viewed the invasion as an act of aggression against Islam, began traveling to meet Afghan resistance leaders and raise funds for the resistance.
Apr 15, · What bin Laden documents reveal about al Qaeda. 60 Minutes reports on documents seized from Osama bin Laden’s compound. Among the revelations: a . This profile of Osama bin Laden traces his life from childhood and schooling, to his association with the Afghan Mujahideen, to his declarations of jihad.