American Book Company, Introduction Henry Hudson made four voyages in search of a water route to the Far East. His first two voyages were through Arctic waters and proved to be unsuccessful due to ice.
He probably started as a cabin boy and gradually worked his way up to the rank of captain. Historians know that Hudson was married to a woman named Katherine because she petitioned the British East India Company to send a ship to look for Hudson three years after his disappearance.
After it became clear that Henry hudson was not coming back, Katherine appealed to the company for financial compensation, which she eventually received. On his vessel Hopewell, Hudson traveled just nautical miles south of the North Pole and discovered what is now known as Jan Mayen Island before turning around and returning home in September.
Jan Mayen Island later became part of the Kingdom of Norway. Inagain in the service of the Muscovy Company and on the Hopewell, Henry hudson made a second attempt to find a Northeast Passage.
Ice-laden waters forced him to turn back, however, and a reluctant crew scuttled his hopes to search instead for a Northwest Passage.
Once again, Hudson could not continue his voyage due to the ice that had plagued his previous voyages, and many others before him. Having heard rumors by way of Jamestown and John Smith, he and his crew decided to try to seek out a Southwest Passage through North America.
He made it as far as present-day Albany, New Yorkwhere the river narrows, before he was forced to turn around, realizing that it was not the Southwest Passage.
In fact, no Southwest Passage to the Pacific existed until one was created by the construction of the Panama Canal between and Along the way Hudson traded with numerous Native American tribes and obtained different seashells, beads and furs.
His voyage established Dutch claims to the region and the fur trade that prospered there. New Amsterdam in present-day Manhattan became the capital of New Netherlands in Final Voyage InHudson obtained the financial backing for yet another voyage, now under the English flag.
At the helm of his new ship, the Discovery, he charted a northerly course some claim that he had deliberately sailed too far south during his voyage for the Dutchreaching Iceland on May 11 and the south of Greenland on June 4.
At that point, the crew began to think that the ship had finally found a Northwest Passage through the continent.
On June 25th, the explorers reached the Hudson Strait at the northern tip of Labrador. Following the southern coast of the strait on August 2, the ship entered Hudson Bay.
Hudson spent the following months mapping and exploring the eastern shores. In November, however, the ship became trapped in the frozen waters of James Bay, forcing the crew to move ashore for the winter. The boat was set adrift and never heard from again.
When the ice cleared in the spring ofHudson planned to continue exploring. His crew was disenchanted by that point, however, and wanted to return home.
Believing that Hudson had pushed them too far, the crew mutinied in June, They set Hudson, his teenage son John, and seven crewmen loyal to Hudson adrift in a small open boat.
The mutinous crew provided the castaways with no food, water or weapons.
Clearly, they intended for Hudson and his companions to die. Hudson was never seen again, although some claim that he successfully made his way as far south as the Ottawa River.
Significance and Legacy Henry Hudson never discovered a Northwest Passage across the Canadian expanse or a Northeast Passage north of Russiabut he did make many important contributions to European navigation and exploration. On his first voyage, for example, Hudson discovered and made note of whale pods off the coast of Spitzbergen Island today a possession of Norway.
England later made commercial use of this discovery, declaring Hudson the "grandfather of the English whaling industry. On his third recorded voyage, Hudson explored the area around present-day New York Cityincluding the river that now bears his name.
On his fourth and final voyage, Hudson explored what is known today as Hudson Bay in Canada.Hudson Henry is a , pound Tight End from Little Rock, AR. Nov 09, · Watch video · Henry Hudson made his first voyage west from England in , when he was hired to find a shorter route to Asia from Europe through the Arctic Ocean.
After twice being turned back by ice, Hudson. Find out more about the history of Henry Hudson, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.
Get all the facts on caninariojana.com Henry Hudson, the English navigator, failed in his great quest to find an all-water route to the East, but was rewarded for his efforts by having a number of prominent North American geographic features named in his honor..
Little is known of Henry Hudson’s early life, but he apparently gained enough seafaring experience to be hired by large maritime concerns. Watch video · The Hudson Bay and Hudson River are named after intrepid English explorer Henry Hudson.
Learn more at caninariojana.com Where did Henry Hudson grow up? Historians know very little of Henry Hudson's youth. He was probably born in or near the city of London sometime between and It is likely that his family was wealthy and that his grandfather founded a trading .