This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Although obesity rates among US children have increased during the past 3 decades, effective public policies have been limited, and the quest for workable solutions raises ethical questions.
During the European Renaissanceartistic depictions of children increased dramatically, which did not impact the social attitude to children much, however. The English philosopher John Locke was particularly influential in defining this new attitude towards children, especially with regard to his theory of the tabula rasawhich considered the mind at birth to be a "blank slate".
A corollary of this doctrine was that the mind of the child was born blank, and that it was the duty of the parents to imbue the child Ethics paper childhood obesity and correct notions.
During the early period of capitalismthe rise of a large, commercial middle class, mainly in the Protestant countries of the Dutch Republic and Englandbrought about a new family ideology centred around the upbringing of children.
Puritanism stressed the importance of individual salvation and concern for the spiritual welfare of children. Reynolds emphasized the natural grace of children in his paintings The modern notion of childhood with its own autonomy and goals began to emerge during the 18th century Enlightenment and the Romantic period that followed it.
Building on the ideas of John Locke and other 17th-century thinkers, Jean-Jaques Rousseau described childhood as a brief period of sanctuary before people encounter the perils and hardships of adulthood.
His painting The Age of Innocenceemphasizes the innocence and natural grace of the posing child and soon became a public favourite. By the late 18th century, British children were specially employed in factories and mines and as chimney sweeps often working long hours in dangerous jobs for low pay.
British reformers attacked child labor from the s onward, bolstered by the horrific descriptions of London street life by Charles Dickens.
Nepalese children playing with cats. Harari girls in Ethiopia. The modern attitude to children emerged by the late 19th century; the Victorian middle and upper classes emphasized the role of the family and the sanctity of the child, — an attitude that has remained dominant in Western societies ever since.
Lewis Carroll 's fantasy Alice's Adventures in Wonderlandpublished in in England, was a landmark in the genre; regarded as the first "English masterpiece written for children", its publication opened the "First Golden Age" of children's literature.
The latter half of the 19th century saw the introduction of compulsory state schooling of children across Europe, which decisively removed children from the workplace into schools. Factory-made dolls and doll houses delighted the girls and organized sports and activities were played by the boys.
In he published a study of paintings, gravestones, furniture, and school records, finding that before the 17th-century, children were represented as mini- adults. Since then, historians have increasingly researched childhood in past times.
Obesity: ethical dilemma and public health challenge In spring , faculty members from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Department of Medical History and Bioethics orchestrated a gathering of national thought leaders who debated a wide arc of viewpoints related to obesity. Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a form of child abuse in which an adult or older adolescent abuses a child for sexual stimulation. Sexual abuse refers to the participation of a child in a sexual act aimed toward the physical gratification or the financial profit of the person committing the act. Aug 15, · Childhood obesity in the United States presents major health challenges, but neither the medical industry, public health advocates, nor policy makers have identified effective ways of reversing increasing rates of obesity among youth.
Some believe that children should not have any worries and should not have to work; life should be happy and trouble-free. Childhood is usually a mixture of happiness, wonder, angst and resilience.
It is generally a time of playing, learning, socializing, exploring, and worrying in a world without much adult interference, aside from parents. It is a time of learning about responsibilities without having to deal with adult responsibilities. It is usually thought of as an experience or period in a child's life that widens their awareness of evil, pain or the world around them.
The fictional character Peter Pan was the embodiment of a childhood that never ends. Geographies of childhood[ edit ] The geographies of childhood involves how adult society perceives the idea of childhood, the many ways adult attitudes and behaviors affect children's lives, including the environment which surrounds children and its implications.
Nature deficit disorder Nature Deficit Disorder, a term coined by Richard Louv in his book Last Child in the Woodsrefers to the trend in the United States and Canada towards less time for outdoor play,   resulting in a wide range of behavioral problems."Americans Obesity And Utilitarian Ethics" Essays and Research Papers.
Americans Obesity And Utilitarian Ethics. major distinction Health and Wellness Term paper Obesity in children Obesity is a growing problem with children in the world.
Ethical considerations in the treatment of childhood obesity Mandy L Perryman,1 Kara A Sidoti,2 1Department of Leadership and Counselor Education, University of Mississippi, MS, USA; 2Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, VA, USA Abstract: Rates of obesity in children and adolescents appear to be stabilizing, though the prevalence of extreme obesity .
Related Documents: Ethics Paper - Childhood Obesity and Nutrition Childhood Obesity Essay Reflective Essay on Childhood Obesity PSYC Tasha Mac University of Maryland Childhood obesity is a major concern for parents, teachers, and the medical community with differing philosophies and theories on causes and prevention.
A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Overweight and obesity. This webpage contains links to publications related to overweight and obesity.
Fact sheet on Obesity and overweight ; Childhood overweight and obesity. Food marketing, policies, pricing behind obesity rise. Lead author Professor Majid Ezzati, of Imperial’s School of Public Health, says: “Over the past four decades, obesity rates in children and adolescents have soared globally, and continue to do so in low- and middle-income countries.