Potential Performance-Enhancers or Publicity Hype? Its success sparked the invention of hundreds of other energy drinks, creating a market for a product that, despite its current popularity, was nonexistent not more than 10 years ago. This is far from coincidental, as most energy drinks make valiant claims about the benefits of their product, competing with one another to create a description that conveys the most extreme kick of energy and best performance-enhancing results. Consequently, the question is raised regarding the veracity of these statements — what effect does Red Bull really have on performance, both mental and physical?
Discussion The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Red Bull and Hype energy drinks on selected indices of maximal cardio-respiratory fitness and blood lactate levels in male athletes.
Results of this study indicated that ingestion of Red Bull and Hype prior to exercise testing is effective on some indices of cardiorespiratory fitness but not on the blood lactate levels.
In the present study it was observed that Red Bull and Hype energy drinks caused an Potentially, caffeine could have a number of actions that affect skeletal and heart muscle.
It can inhibit adenosine receptors, increase sympathetic activity, and has direct intracellular action. The increase in VO2maxmay be attributed to ingredients such as caffeine, taurine, glucuronolactone and B group vitamins in these beverages.
Caffeine has been shown to have desirable effects for performing athletes fighting fatigue, increasing energy, enhancing fatty acid metabolism and increasing skeletal muscle contractility. The stimulant effect of caffeine could make it effective for increasing alertness while performing in a fatigued state.
The increased metabolism of free fatty acids has been proven to be useful during endurance exercise because of the glycogen sparing effects allowing an athlete to increase exercise time.
Taurine works to increase calcium content in the sarcoplasmic reticulum providing increased ability of the muscle to contract, amplifying muscle force generation. It is well established that carbohydrate is the preferred fuel for short-duration, high-intensity exercise and longer duration, higher intensity exercise 21 and that depletion of muscle glycogen and blood glucose limit exercise duration and performance.
The authors postulate that this could be due to taurine attenuating exercise-induced DNA damage and increase of the capacity of exercise because of its cellular protective properties. These findings support the results of Baum et alBichler et al and Alford et al No increase in HR when consuming caffeine suggest that taurine within the beverages may be doing something to alter cardiovascular physiology.
In the Bruce exercise intensity increases from one stage to another. Then, levels of blood lactate during intense exercise increased. No significant differences between groups indicated that these drinks do not affect blood lactate.
Conclusions In summary, it may be concluded that two caffeine and taurine-containing energy drinks have ergogenic effects on indices of maximal cardiorespiratory fitness in male athletes. Two energy drinks caused increase in VO2max, time to exhaustion, and no change in HR and blood lactate levels.
The results of this research showed that the combined ingredients in these energy drinks may be responsible for the proposed effects. Footnotes Conflict of Interests Authors have no conflict of interests.
FK carried out all the experiments and participated in manuscript preparation. All authors have read and approved the content of the manuscript.
Effects of red bull on wingate testing of college aged students. J Undergrad Kin Res. The acute effect of an energy drink on physical and cognitive performance of male athletes.
The effect of a taurine-containing drink on performance in 10 endurance-athletes.
The effects of red bull energy drink on human performance and mood. The influence of a taurine containing drink on cardiac parameters before and after exercise measured by echocardiography.
The effect of an energy drink on aerobic performance in male athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. The effectiveness of a pre-exercise performance drink PRX on indices of maximal cardiorespiratory fitness. J Int Soc Sports Nutr.
A 90 minute soccer match decreases triglyceride and low density lipoprotein but not high-density lipoprotein and cholesterol levels. J Res Med Sci. The effects of exercise training on maximum aerobic capacity, rest heart beat, blood pressure and anthropometric variables of postmenopausal women with breast cancer.
Esmaillzadeh A, Azadbakht L. Major dietary patterns in relation to general obesity and central adiposity among Iranian women. Acute effects of two energy drinks on anaerobic power and blood lactate levels in male athletes. Bull Pub Co; The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Red Bull energy drink on Wingate cycle performance and muscle endurance.
Healthy young adults (N = 15, 11 men, 4 women, 21 +/- 5 y old. The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink, which includes taurine, glucuronolactone, and caffeine amongst the ingredients, were examined over 3 studies in a total of 36 volunteers.
Assessments included psychomotor performance (reaction time, concentration, memory), subjective alertness and physical endurance. To investigate the effects of a caffeine-containing energy drink on soccer performance during a simulated game. A second purpose was to assess the post-exercise urine caffeine concentration derived from the energy drink intake.
A caffeine-containing energy drink in a dose equivalent to 3 mg/kg. Aug 19, · Consumption of energy drinks has become widespread among athletes.
The effectiveness of Red Bull and Hype energy drinks on selected indices of maximal cardiorespiratory fitness and blood lactate levels in male athletes was examined in this study. Ten male student athletes (age: ± years. Another experiment measuring the effects of energy drinks on physical performance found similar results.
Geib et al. () investigated the effect of a taurine-containing beverage, representing Red Bull, on endurance athletes. The aim of this research was to investigate the acute effects of an energy drink (Red Bull) on the performance difference levels in male athletes.
Thirty male athletes were selected from different backgrounds to participate in this study.
Featured Athletes. Flag of France Amandine Condroyer; Flag of Canada Steven Cox; Flag of Canada Kyle Croxall; Flag of Canada Scott Croxall; Flag of Austria Luca Dallago; Flag of Austria Marco Dallago; Flag of Switzerland Jim De Paoli; Flag of United States Maxwell Dunne; Flag of Canada John Fisher; Flag of United States Michael Iulianello; Flag of . Red Bull: The other energy drink and its effect on performance Kathleen M. Laquale State University, Bridgewater, Massachusetts. Virtual Commons Citation Laquale, Kathleen M. (). Red Bull: The other energy drink and its effect on performance. InMovement Arts, Health Promotion and Research on the effects of taurine or Red . Red Bull Energy Drink's special formula has been appreciated worldwide by top athletes, students, and when undertaking demanding work or during long drives. If you are interested in the formulation of Red Bull Energy Drink .