Few bother to read and understand what is written in the Bible or think critically about what Christian doctrine implies. Each point listed below presents a claim for questioning the authenticity of Christianity.
Very well then I contradict myself, I am large, I contain multitudes. From any contradiction you can validly infer q, any other proposition. Is light a wave or a particle? Cognitive dissonance is a theory of human motivation that asserts that it is psychologically uncomfortable to hold contradictory cognitions.
The theory is that dissonance, being unpleasant, motivates a person to change his cognition, attitude, or behavior.
This theory was first explored in detail by social psychologist Leon Festinger, who described it this way: Dissonance and consonance are relations among cognitions that is, among opinions, beliefs, knowledge of the environment, and knowledge of one's own actions and feelings.
Two opinions, or beliefs, or items of knowledge are dissonant with each other if they do not fit together; that is, if they are inconsistent, or if, considering only the particular two items, one does not follow from the other Festinger He argued that there are three ways to deal with cognitive dissonance.
He did not consider these mutually exclusive. One may try to change one or more of the beliefs, opinions, or behaviors involved in the dissonance; One may try to acquire new information or beliefs that will increase the existing consonance and thus cause the total dissonance to be reduced; or, One may try to forget or reduce the importance of those cognitions that are in a dissonant relationship Festinger For example, people who smoke know smoking is a bad habit.
Some rationalize their behavior by looking on the bright side: They tell themselves that smoking helps keep the weight down and that there is a greater threat to health from being overweight than from smoking. Most of us are clever enough to come up with ad hoc hypotheses or rationalizations to save cherished notions.
Why we can't apply this cleverness more competently is not explained by noting that we are led to rationalize because we are trying to reduce or eliminate cognitive dissonance.
Different people deal with psychological discomfort in different ways.
Some ways are clearly more reasonable than others. So, why do some people react to dissonance with cognitive competence, while others respond with cognitive incompetence? Cognitive dissonance has been called "the mind controller's best friend" Levine Yet, a cursory examination of cognitive dissonance reveals that it is not the dissonance, but how people deal with it, that would be of interest to someone trying to control others when the evidence seems against them.
For example, Marian Keech real name: Dorothy Martin was the leader of a UFO cult in the s.
She claimed to get messages from extraterrestrialsknown as The Guardians, through automatic writing. Like the Heaven's Gate folks forty years later, Keech and her followers, known as The Seekers or The Brotherhood of the Seven Rays, were waiting to be picked up by flying saucers.
In Keech's prophecy, her group of eleven was to be saved just before the earth was to be destroyed by a massive flood on December 21, When it became evident that there would be no flood and the Guardians weren't stopping by to pick them up, Keech became elated.
She said she'd just received a telepathic message from the Guardians saying that her group of believers had spread so much light with their unflagging faith that God had spared the world from the cataclysm Levine More important, the Seekers didn't abandon her.
Most became more devoted after the failed prophecy. Only two left the cult when the world didn't end. Being wrong turned them into true believers ibid.Decisions are the heart of success and at times there are critical moments when they can be difficult, perplexing and nerve racking.
This side provides useful and practical guidance for making efficient and effective decisions in both public and private life. Digital Impact LLC produces large format, high-resolution, semi-permanent corrugated/mixed material POP & POS displays, product packaging and specialized permanent displays for companies of all backgrounds.
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Does persuasion alter critical thought? Is emotion a necessary component of persuasive thought? Why or why. What is the role of persuasion in critical thinking?
Does persuasion alter critical thought? could easily carry the day. This is why the art of public speaking and the art of writing logically is very Solution Summary. Jane Austen’s Persuasion depicts a young woman’s struggles with love, friendship and family.
Anne Elliot who is pretty, intelligent and amiable, had some years before been engaged to a young naval officer, Frederick Wentworth, but had been persuaded by her trusted friend Lady Russell to break.
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