Background[ edit ] Coleridge stayed with his friends William and Dorothy Wordsworth during the Winter of — at their home in Coleorton. In response, Coleridge wrote To William Wordsworth, in Januaryto capture his positive feelings about his friend's poem.
His sister, the poet and diarist Dorothy Wordsworthto whom he was close all his life, was born the following year, and the two were baptised together. They had three other siblings: Richard, the eldest, who became a lawyer; John, born after Dorothy, who went to sea and died in when the ship of which he was captain, the Earl of Abergavennywas wrecked off the south coast of England; and Christopherthe youngest, who entered the Church and rose to be Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.
He was frequently away from home on business, so the young William and his siblings had little involvement with him and remained distant from him until his death in His hostile interactions with them distressed him to the point of contemplating suicide.
Wordsworth was taught both the Bible and the Spectatorbut little else. It was at the school in Penrith that he met the Hutchinsons, including Mary, who later became his wife. She and William did not meet again for another nine years.
Wordsworth made his debut as a writer in when he published a sonnet in The European Magazine. He received his BA degree in In he went on a walking tour of Europe, during which he toured the Alps extensively, and visited nearby areas of France, Switzerland, and Italy.
He fell in love with a French woman, Annette Vallon, who in gave birth to their daughter Caroline. The Reign of Terror left Wordsworth thoroughly disillusioned with the French Revolution and the outbreak of armed hostilities between Britain and France prevented him from seeing Annette and his daughter for some years.
The purpose of the visit was to prepare Annette for the fact of his forthcoming marriage to Mary Hutchinson. Mary was anxious that Wordsworth should do more for Caroline.
In he received a legacy of pounds from Raisley Calvert and became able to pursue a career as a poet. It was also in that he met Samuel Taylor Coleridge in Somerset.
The two poets quickly developed a close friendship. Together Wordsworth and Coleridge with insights from Dorothy produced Lyrical Balladsan important work in the English Romantic movement.
The second edition, published inhad only Wordsworth listed as the author, and included a preface to the poems. Wordsworth also gives his famous definition of poetry as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: A fourth and final edition of Lyrical Ballads was published in He attempted to get the play staged in Novemberbut it was rejected by Thomas Harristhe manager of the Covent Garden Theatrewho proclaimed it "impossible that the play should succeed in the representation".
The rebuff was not received lightly by Wordsworth and the play was not published untilafter substantial revision.
While Coleridge was intellectually stimulated by the journey, its main effect on Wordsworth was to produce homesickness. He wrote a number of other famous poems in Goslar, including " The Lucy poems ". In the Autumn ofWordsworth and his sister returned to England and visited the Hutchinson family at Sockburn.
When Coleridge arrived back in England he travelled to the North with their publisher Joseph Cottle to meet Wordsworth and undertake a proposed tour of the Lake District. This was the immediate cause of the siblings settling at Dove Cottage in Grasmere in the Lake District, this time with another poet, Robert Southey nearby.
Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey came to be known as the " Lake Poets ". On 4 October, following his visit with Dorothy to France to arrange matters with Annette, Wordsworth married his childhood friend Mary Hutchinson.
The following year Mary gave birth to the first of five children, three of whom predeceased her and William: John Wordsworth 18 June — Mary Ann Dolan d. Dora Wordsworth 16 August — 9 July Married Edward Quillinan in Thomas Wordsworth 15 June — 1 December Catherine Wordsworth 6 September — 4 June William "Willy" Wordsworth 12 May — Married Fanny Graham and had four children:The "willing suspension of disbelief" was a major component of Coleridge's literary theory.
Essentially, he was the first person to give a name to the mental phenomenon that allows a reader to accept the fantasy world offered to him in a work of fiction or poetry. Well, duh, you might be saying.
Wordsworth and Coleridge: Emotion, Imagination and Complexity. The 19 th century was heralded by a major shift in the conception and emphasis of literary art and, specifically, poetry. During the 18 th century the catchphrase of literature and art was reason. Logic and rationality took precedence in any form of written expression.
In his article, “Cruel Wordsworth drove Coleridge to brink of death” in the Sunday Times, Nicholas Helien says, “William Wordsworth, poet and romantic, is to be portrayed in a controversial BBC feature film as a bully, who betrayed his closest friend and collaborator, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, driving him into a drug addiction that nearly killed him.”.
Lyrical Ballads WORDSWORTH AND COLERIDGE The text of the edition with the additional poems and the Prefaces edited with introduction, notes and appendices by caninariojana.com William Wordsworth (7 April – 23 April ) was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads ()..
Wordsworth's magnum opus is generally considered to be The Prelude, a semi-autobiographical poem of his early years that he revised and expanded a number of times.
A) Wordsworth was more interested in supernatural forces. B) Wordsworth's works are simpler and easier to read. C) Coleridge's poems tend to be set in exotic locations.5/5(2).